Foamy power factors electrolytic capacitors with kemet

Circuit Break Podcast #196

Foamy Power Factors – Electrolytic Capacitors with KEMET

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October 30, 2019, Episode #196

Ivan Quiroz and Suzana Jankuloska of KEMET join the podcast to discuss the inner workings of Electrolytic Capacitors and reading Datasheets.

Episode 200 is Coming Up!

  • Question / Answer setup like Episode 100
  • Send them via Audio Format to podcast@macrofab.com

Ivan Quiroz

  • Over 19 years of electronic design and development experience in different industries ranging from aviation to industrial automation
  • His technical expertise surrounds the intrinsic requirements and detailed development of circuits
  • In his down time, he likes to develop escape room puzzles, sensors, and anything he can 3D print

Suzana Jankuloska

  • Is an electrical engineer from Macedonia
  • Has been with KEMET for 7 years and as a Product Manager of Electrolytic Capacitors for 3 years
  • Loves solving problems and sudoku and is a fan of martial arts and the movie Ip Man

Electrolytic Capacitors

  • Discuss ESR, ESL, Dissipation factor, Tan Delta, Ripple current, and life span
  • How to read the datasheet for an electrolytic capacitor beyond the value/voltage/dimensions
    • impedance at a known switching frequency
  • Brief introduction to a new type of electrolytic capacitor (polymer)
  • Link the electrolytic capacitor to the need for a bank capacitors
  • Signals through electrolytics
  • Leave on forever vs. multiple inrush cycles preferred for lifetime?
  • What drifts out of spec first?
  • The wear-out failure mode is loss of electrolyte
    • It is possible to measure this by weighing the capacitor before and after operating it at elevated temperature
    • When the capacitor loses a certain amount of weight, it is likely to fail
    • In the old days, the rule of thumb was to predict failure at 50% of the initial weight
  • What’s the point of those orange SMD tantalum capacitors?
  • On large screw terminal caps, are the screws themselves typically intended to carry current, or just to mechanically tie the cap to the mounting surface (bus bar, PCB, etc.)?
    • Is it important to use aluminum screws to match materials to avoid corrosion from dissimilar metals in high current applications?
Suzana Jankuloska and Ivan Quiroz of KEMET in the Application Intelligence Center.

Suzana Jankuloska and Ivan Quiroz of KEMET in the Application Intelligence Center.

KEMET screw terminal electrolytics and the inner guts.

KEMET screw terminal electrolytics and the inner guts.

About the Hosts

Parker dillmann
  Parker Dillmann

Parker is an Electrical Engineer with backgrounds in Embedded System Design and Digital Signal Processing. He got his start in 2005 by hacking Nintendo consoles into portable gaming units. The following year he designed and produced an Atari 2600 video mod to allow the Atari to display a crisp, RF fuzz free picture on newer TVs. Over a thousand Atari video mods where produced by Parker from 2006 to 2011 and the mod is still made by other enthusiasts in the Atari community.

In 2006, Parker enrolled at The University of Texas at Austin as a Petroleum Engineer. After realizing electronics was his passion he switched majors in 2007 to Electrical and Computer Engineering. Following his previous background in making the Atari 2600 video mod, Parker decided to take more board layout classes and circuit design classes. Other areas of study include robotics, microcontroller theory and design, FPGA development with VHDL and Verilog, and image and signal processing with DSPs. In 2010, Parker won a Ti sponsored Launchpad programming and design contest that was held by the IEEE CS chapter at the University. Parker graduated with a BS in Electrical and Computer Engineering in the Spring of 2012.

In the Summer of 2012, Parker was hired on as an Electrical Engineer at Dynamic Perception to design and prototype new electronic products. Here, Parker learned about full product development cycles and honed his board layout skills. Seeing the difficulties in managing operations and FCC/CE compliance testing, Parker thought there had to be a better way for small electronic companies to get their product out in customer's hands.

Parker also runs the blog, longhornengineer.com, where he posts his personal projects, technical guides, and appnotes about board layout design and components.

Stephen Kraig
  Stephen Kraig

Stephen Kraig is a component engineer working in the aerospace industry. He has applied his electrical engineering knowledge in a variety of contexts previously, including oil and gas, contract manufacturing, audio electronic repair, and synthesizer design. A graduate of Texas A&M, Stephen has lived his adult life in the Houston, TX, and Denver, CO, areas.

Stephen has never said no to a project. From building guitar amps (starting when he was 17) to designing and building his own CNC table to fine-tuning the mineral composition of the water he uses to brew beer, he thrives on testing, experimentation, and problem-solving. Tune into the podcast to learn more about the wacky stuff Stephen gets up to.

Special thanks to whixr over at Tymkrs for the intro and outro!